This is part three of our conversation with Dr. Rico Chapman and Shaheen Arifdien about hip-hop, the Black Consciousness Movement in Azania (South Africa) and the Black Power Movement in the United States.
We took a look this week at recent claims that president Obama has been both good (and bad) for the economy and asked economists Dean Baker of the Center for Economic Policy and Research and Jeanette Huezo of United for a Fair Economy, “what does this mean for Black people, Brown people and working people?” We then reconnected with author and journalist Ericka Blount Danois for another edition of Live From Channel Zero!
Andile Mngxitama of the Economic Freedom Fighters of Azania (“occupied South Africa”) joined us to discuss among other topics: the passing of Tata Nelson Mandela, the film Mandela, what’s next for the youth and African revolution in Azania and the coming 20th anniversary of the official “end” of apartheid.
Hear here our previous interview with on the legacy of Steve Bantu Biko.
Alan Wieder joined us to discuss his new book, Ruth First and Joe Slovo in the War against Apartheid. Wieder is an oral historian who lives in Portland, Oregon. He is distinguished professor emeritus at the University of South Carolina and has also taught at the University of the Western Cape and Stellenbosch University in South Africa. In the last ten years he has published two books and numerous articles on South Africans who fought against the apartheid regime.
This week marks the 36th anniversary of the assassination of Steve Biko (September 12, 1977). Journalist and Black Consciousness advocate Andile Mngxitama joined us from “Occupied Azania” to discuss his work on the legacy and continued relevance of the founder of the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) Steve Biko. Mngxitama discussed the history of Biko and the BCM, as well as, Biko’s relationship to the Black Power Movement here in the U.S. and the continued attempt by liberal academics, politicians and popular culture to co-opt this and other revolutionary movements.
Black Power / Black Consciousness: Pan-African Liberation Struggles
This paper was originally written in 1999.
It is often assumed that events, which take place on two different continents involving two different people, are entirely unrelated. Those who benefit most from this narrow view would prefer that observers continue to think this way, that events are always isolated and need to be looked at strictly within each one’s specific context alone. Such is the case when discussing the resistance movements of Africans in the United States and Africans on the continent of Africa. In this particular example, the Black Power Movement (BPM) in the United States and the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) in South Africa are rarely exposed as being two nearly simultaneous occurrences among two groups of African people responding to an identical European inspired problem.
This paper was originally written in 1999.
Nomzamo, “Trial,” the Xhosa name of the woman now known worldwide as Winnie Madikizela-Mandela is as appropriate a name as has ever been given. For the woman has suffered many a trial and tribulation from her many trials in South African courts, to her many trials as a mother and to her trials as the comrade and now estranged wife of South Africa’s most famous freedom fighter. However, her greatest trial has been her ongoing fight for the total liberation of her people. It is the latter that has made her both famous and infamous and has simultaneously set her at odds with those in struggle and with those who seek to oppress. The presence and challenge of Winnie Madikizela-Mandela in contemporary post-apartheid South Africa is one of staunch commitment to the ideals set forth by the anti-apartheid, anti-colonial struggle which truly began in 1652.
A people without a positive history is like a vehicle without an engine.
From the time European colonizers made clear their intention to control the land and the people of South Africa there has been resistance. The earliest and most well known of African resistance were the Xhosa whose conflict with Europeans began towards the end of the 18th century.2 When the British forced the Xhosa off their land in 1811-12, “the first great ‘removal’ in South African history,”3 that began a long tradition of Africans fighting to reclaim stolen land. This sense of history and purpose exists to this day in the person of Winnie Mandela.