Month: September 1999


Black Power / Black Consciousness: Pan-African Liberation Struggles This paper was originally written in 1999. It is often assumed that events, which take place on two different continents involving two different people, are entirely unrelated.  Those who benefit most from this narrow view would prefer that observers continue to think this way, that events are […]


Nomzamo! This paper was originally written in 1999. Nomzamo, “Trial,” the Xhosa name of the woman now known worldwide as Winnie Madikizela-Mandela is as appropriate a name as has ever been given.  For the woman has suffered many a trial and tribulation from her many trials in South African courts, to her many trials as […]